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9th August 2016 Current Affairs Questions and Answers

9th August 2016 Current Affairs MCQs, Quiz, Questions : Current Affairs for August 2016 ,  Daily Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for In...

Major Achievements of India since Independence

15 Major Achievements of India since Independence: It is not true that India has done nothing and not achieved in past 65 years of Independence Day. Post independence despite not having access to electricity, roads, better education, high level equipment and wealth, India has consistently doled out stalwarts in the fields of science, technology and social reforms.We believed there might be up and down but India achieved many things in last 65 years and here is Major Achievements of India since Independence under various prime ministers of India and people of India.
15 Major Achievements of India since Independence:
1. Creating The Republic: India became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth on 15 August 1947. The Constitution was adopted by the India Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950.

2. Construction of New India with Dams and irrigation Projects.

Bhakra Dam (226 M) is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River in Himachal Pradesh.
3. Heavy Industry in India.
Bombay High is an offshore oilfield by ONGC 162 kilometres off the coast of Mumbai.
4. Panchayat Raj system to Empower Rural India.
Panchayat Raj System was first adopted by the state of Rajsthan in Nagaur district on 2nd Oct 1959
5. Green Revolution is identified with India's being catapulted from a chronically food-short country, with a begging-bowl image, to one which was self-sufficient and which became over time even surplus in food. The change follows the major technological reforms that occurred in Indian agriculture, particularly from the mid-1960s. 
6. India-Pakistan War & Liberating Bangladesh, 1971
December 1971: Lt.Gen. AAK.Niazi (right) of Pakistan signs the surrender documents.
7. Pokharan 1 or 'Smiling Buddha' - India's first nuclear test by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Smiling Buddha (Pokhran-I) was the assigned code name of India's first successful nuclear bomb test on 18 May 1974. The bomb was detonated on the army base, Pokhran Test Range (PTR), in Rajasthan by the Indian Army under the supervision of several key army officials.

8. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, 1985: Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) are a system of alternate schools for gifted students in India. There are approximately 600 JNVs across India (one school per district). JNVs are specifically tasked with finding talented children in rural areas of India and providing them with an education equivalent to the best residential school system, without regard to their family's socio-economic condition.
9. Rise of IT industry (1998-2008): Information technology in India is an industry consisting of two major components: IT services and business process outsourcing (BPO). The sector has increased its contribution to India's GDP from 1.2% in 1998 to 7.5% in 2012.
10. Golden quadrilateral and other new highways - Over 40,000 km of highways/expressways added in the past 15 years. The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting many of the major industrial, agricultural and cultural centres of India. A quadrilateral of sorts is formed by connecting Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai, and hence its name.

11. PMGSY, 2000: Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.

12. Right to Information (RTI) Act. that has turned thorn in govt flesh. Right to Information Act (RTI) is an Act of the Parliament of India "to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens" and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002.
13. Chandrayaan: Chandrayaan-1 was India's first lunar probe. It was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in October 2008, and operated until August 2009. The mission included a lunar orbiter and an impactor.
14. Right to Education Act (RTE): Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution.
15. Polio Free India: Ending polio among 1.3 billion people in India is world's greatest health achievement.  World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s population, was certified polio-free in March 2014 by an independent commission under the WHO certification process. This is the fourth of six WHO Regions to be certified, marking an important step towards global polio eradication.